Medical Definition Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Human immunodeficiency virus: HIV, the cause of AIDS. HIV has also beforehand been referred to as the human lymphotropic virus sort III, the lymphadenopathy-associated virus and the lymphadenopathy virus. It doesn’t matter what title is applied, it’s a retrovirus. (A retrovirus has an RNA genome and a reverse transcriptase enzyme. Using the reverse transcriptase, the virus uses its RNA as a template for making complementary DNA which can combine into the DNA of the host organism). Although the American researcher Robert Gallo on the National Institutes of Well being believed he was the first to seek out HIV, it is now generally accepted that the French physician Luc Montagnier (1932-) and his group at the Pasteur Institute found HIV in 1983-84.

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You may need to have a number of blood transfusions throughout pregnancy to deal with problems, similar to anemia symptoms that get worse. You might also experience more pain crises or be at increased danger of having acute chest syndrome. Your provider will discuss to you about how to assist forestall these complications.

– If the take a look at was a rapid screening take a look at, the testing site ( will arrange a follow-up test.

– If the take a look at was a self-test package used at house, a optimistic HIV check result must always be confirmed by additional HIV testing carried out in a healthcare setting.

– If the blood was examined in a laboratory, the laboratory will automatically conduct a follow-up test on the same pattern to rule out a false positive.

At every go to patients ought to be involved in a discussion of sexual practices and prevention counseling. Annual screening for STDs is advisable for patients who’re at continued danger and more usually for these who’re engaged in high-risk behaviors. Smoking has been discovered to be fairly common amongst patients with HIV, and smoking cessation companies should be provided and encouraged.

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