Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection – Information @ AMBOSS


HIV infection might be reliably detected utilizing antigen/antibody-based mostly tests. In patients with confirmed infection, treatment with a combination of antiretroviral medications (Art) is started as quickly as doable. The effectiveness of the remedy is monitored through common checks of CD4 count and viral load. Patients within the advanced stages of HIV infection might additionally require therapy of HIV-related circumstances and prophylaxis for opportunistic infections. Vital advances in therapy mean that the typical life expectancy of HIV patients receiving Art is approaching that of the final inhabitants. Partners of HIV-positive individuals and people at excessive threat of HIV infection can scale back the risk of contracting the infection by taking Artwork previous to publicity (preexposure prophylaxis) or following exposure (postexposure prophylaxis) to the virus.

HIV is unfold most commonly by sexual contact with an contaminated companion. HIV could even be spread through contact with contaminated blood, particularly by sharing needles, syringes, or drug use tools with someone who’s contaminated with the virus. HIV transmission from mom to youngster during pregnancy, site [] labor, and delivery, or by breastfeeding, has accounted for almost all AIDS cases reported among US youngsters.

Greater than 10% of people living in sub-Saharan Africa and in East Asia are infected with HBV. Maintenance of a excessive HBsAg carriage fee in these elements of the world is partially defined by the high prevalence of perinatal transmission and by the low rate of HBV clearance by neonates.

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