Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Human immunodeficiency virus causes HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is a chronic viral illness that makes a toddler sick by attacking particular cells in his or her immune system (the body’s defense towards disease). Because of this, the immune system turns into weakened and the body has bother battling certain infections.

Risk for occupational HIV transmission varies by the kind of exposure and is elevated when the supply has a high viral load, site ( the volume is large, and the publicity is deep. Healthcare personnel at highest danger of transmission are those who have been inoculated percutaneously with blood from a source patient with HIV who is just not on suppressive antiretroviral therapy and/or has a detectable viral load.

Under sure conditions, HIV has been in a position to outlive in dried blood at room temperature for as much as 5 or 6 days, although the concentrations can be low to negligible. As soon as uncovered to air and the fluid it is contained in begins to dry, HIV turns into damaged and inactive. As soon as inactive, it is not infectious.

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